History 5 Lesson 110

Clothes Hanger

There’s little info on the clothes hanger. O.A. North invented clothes hangers in 1869. Clothes hangers store our clothes. Their shapes help keep them from wrinkling. There are various kinds of hangers. There are extra features for folding pants over. There are clips for hanging pants and dresses. It became important in small New York apartments. Albert Parker invented a wire hanger in 1903. He improved his design and asked fellow employees to try. Clothes hangers were used in department store displays. 

Rotary Can Opener 

William Lyman was born in Connecticut in 1821. He apprenticed to a mentor-making company. He developed metalworking skills. Lyman invented several products on the side. He invented the rotary can opener in 1870. Can openers simplify opening tin cans. It uses gear wheels to handle wing nuts to grip the can. Lyman’s version punctured the center of the top. Modern versions grip the can and turn it as you turn the wing nut. Allows most anyone to easily open sealed cans. Tin cans first supplied food to troops. Civil war soldiers opened condensed milk with a manual can opener. Then an improved version appeared in 1925. 

Mail Order Catalog

Aron Montgomaery was born in New Jersey in 1844. He became a shoe salesman. He moved to Chicago at 21 and learned of rural complaints. Montgomery devised an idea to improve the rural service. He invented the mail-order catalog in 1872. Allows people to shop from home. The mail order catalog is a publication that contains listings of merchandise. Products are cheaper in catalogs than in general stores. Placed orders over the phone or through the mail Catalog companies rented mailing lists. Ward wrote all the copies for his catalogs. He focused on distrusting rural farmers. Featured over 20,000 items in just 20 years. Created the “Satisfaction guarantee or you get you money back” Policy. 


Chester Greenwood was born in Main in 1858. Ice skating and wind were brutal on the ears. So are headphones if the music’s it turned up too loud. But that’s getting off topic. Greenwood was a pro life inator. He invented earmuffs with help from his grandmother in 1873. They keep our ears warm in cold and windy weather. Thermal earmuffs traffic heat in. Acoustic earmuffs protect ears from hearing damage. I have some that I use when we go to the shooting range. Again kinda off topic. Noise-cancelling headphones reverse incoming sounds. They allow us to work in harsh conditions. Greenwood built a production factory. Farmisgtom celebrates Greenwood’s earmuff every year. Acoustic earmuffs appeared for WW2 pilots.                

English 6 Lesson 115

The Greeks had life lessons in their stories. They believed in several different Gods and magic. One life lesson is from the story The Golden Touch, with King Midas. The life lesson there is that money isn’t everything, when King Midas acquired The Golden Touch everything he touched turned to gold. He was a greedy man. But then when he discovers that he can’t eat or drink because the minute he touches the food or drink  it turns to gold, when he goes to hug his daughter, she turns to gold also. That’s when he realizes that there are more important things in life besides money. Like family, family is really important. 

There are tons of Gods that the Greeks believed in, if I were to name them all I think it would take several days for me to look them up and write them down. So I’ll just name a few. There’s The Big Three, Zeus God of the sky. Then Zeus’s brother Poseidon God of the sea. Then Hades, God of the underworld. I’ll name just a few more.  Artemis, virgin goddess of the hunt,  animals, the Moon, and archery just like her twin brother Apollo, God of music, arts, knowledge, healing, prophecy, and poetry. Athena (I”m not gonna lie I think she’s really cool) Goddess of wisdom, warfare, and battle strategy.        

History 5 Lesson 105

Air Brakes

George Westinghouse was born in New York in 1846. He joined the army during the Civil War. He invented a portable steam engine. Invented the air brake system for trains in 1869. System consisted of a tank valve and piping. Steam posted drives brake shoes against the wheel. The shoes must be operated simultaneously. Wetimahouse’s brake was fail safe. Brakes are powered from an on-car air tank. Reduced operators and increased passenger safety. Began making campaigns to generate orders. He built a demonstration model. Invented important railroad officials on board a live demo unit. A horse-drawn wagon was on the tracks and the brakes saved the day. 

Traffic Lights

JP Knight was born in England in 1828. He was a talented railroad traffic manager. Improved passenger trips. 1100 people were killed in traffic accidents in London in 1866. Knight invented the traffic light in 1868. Traffic lights regulate the flow of traffic. Create order by establishing rules. There are other forms of traffic lights too. Knight’s lights were gas lamps. The idea spread to the US An electric traffic appeared in Ohio in 1914 . Modern 4-way, 3-light signals appeared in 1920. Computers linked to the light in the 1950s. 

                Tape Measure

Alvin J. Fellows was born in Connecticut. A sering tape measure was invented in England. It was used for surveying. Fellows improved this tape. He invented the tape measure in 1868. Tape measures are flexible rulers. The tape is wound around a cylinder for compact storage. There are some heavy duty ones used for construction. Tape measures are lined with unit demarcation. Ads placed in the newspaper. Improved model sold to Stanley in 1920s. The ads focused on featuring and unique names to set them apart from competitors. 

Pipe Wrench

Daniel Stillson was born in New Hampshire in 1826. Learned how to use machine tools. Developed pipe wrench in 1869. Hasn’t changed too much in over 100 years.  Designed to grip soft iron pipes. Still sold his patent and made $80,000 in his lifetime. Trimow became a major manufacturer in the late 1800s. Advertised it’s wrench’s ability to grip pipes. And it’s replaceable plates.    

History 5 Lesson 100


Alfred Nobel was born in 1833 in Sweden. His father made weapons for Russian Tsar. Alfred studied chemistry in Paris. He learned about explosives from his father. His younger brother was killed in an explosion. He invented dynamite in 1867. Very powerful explosive “dynamis”.  Stabilizes the nitroglycerin. Other chemicals provide other benefits. Packaged in cylindrical cardboard tube. IT was used in construction demolition. Could be shipped across state lines. Spread to mining. 


Charles Goodnight was born in  Illinois in 1836. He joined with the Confederacy then with Loving. They drove cattle from Texas. Invented the chuckwagon in 1866. “Chuck” Is slang for food. Chuckwagon= mobile kitchen. Stocked easily prescribed food. It allowed large groups the agility to travel long distances. Profit opportunities for selling Texas cattle appeared after the Civil War. Cattle drives are popular. Chuckwagons were crucial for cattle drives. 


Christpher Lathem Sholes born in Pennsylvania in 1819. Tried to invent a typesetting machine. Desirel to easily print page numbers. Invented the modern typewriter in 1867. Typewriters inprint neat writing into paper. Later models reduced jamning. People can type faster than they write. Typewriters produce neat documents on demand. The 1867 prototype secured inventory. Their main investor had issues but funded it anyway. Sholay began incorporating other feathers from other modes. The 1878 model added lowercase letters.

English 6 Lesson 105

Assignment:  Use my creativity and the examples of the stories this week to write my own Greek myth story. 

There is this Greek story called The Golden Touch. So I chose to write my own little version of the story. Where I try to convince King Midas that gold isn’t everything. (This is super short, sorry!) 

I was there when King Midas had gotten the offer that he could have anything he wanted.
“Your majesty, if I may have a word with you?” I asked, 

“Yes, I suppose.” He replied with a hint of annoyance in his voice.
“Your majesty, if you do get this ‘golden touch’ who’s to say what will happen, what if it affects people! What if it affects the food you eat and the water you drink! What if you can’t even touch your daughter? Think of her! What would happen if she turned to gold! What would you do? Pardon me for speaking my mind you majesty but gold isn’t everything! There are more important things is life!” He seemed to ponder my words. But apparently they didn’t get to him, because he proceeded to go on with his wish. The next morning I saw that the rose bushes were solid gold. I can’t believe he didn’t listen to me! I had to find that man that granted him this wish. 

“Please! I know you said you won’t! But his daughter is solid gold! Tons of things are solid gold! I know he’s regretting his choice, please help him!” I plead.
“Why do you care so much for this greedy king?” The man asked, 

“He is being stupid, gold isn’t everything and he’s learning that now. Besides, I think his daughter is cool. And I’m not insane enough to talk to a solid gold statue. I’m insane enough to do anything else but talking to a statue seems crazy. Even for me.” The man sighed. 

“Fine, I’ll help.”
“Thank you.” 

“Don’t ever ask me anything, ever again got it?” he said, I nodded, then walked away. Crazy greedy man. Maybe I shouldn’t have warned him, just let him suffer. But that was not the kind of person I am.            

History 5 Lesson 90


A British Comedian played a joke in 1810. The Postcard concept appeared in 1861 in the US. John P. Charlton patented the idea.Had help from Hymen Lipman inventor of pencil eraser. The postcard is simple and useful. People can send cheap messages. They provide a personal touch. Economical for average people in the early days of communications Lipman’s creativity helped sell the postcard. Spread to Englanf in 1870. The Eiffel Tower was a popular postcard picture. The US revoked rights of others to sell postcards in 1873 but revered in 1898. Golden age of postcards from 1907-1915. 

Gatling Gun 

Richard Gatling was born in North Carolina in 1818. He was a store owner, doctor and inventor. The Civil War provided his source of inspiration. Wanted to save lives by reducing soldiers needed on the battlefield. Invented Gatling Gun in 1861. It’s a raid-fire-multi-barrel gun. The hand crank rotated barrels to keep them cool. Firing sequence synchronized by cams. It had gravity-fed paper cartridges. Modern Gatling guns fire 4,000 rounds per minute. Galting had some setbacks initially.  Gatling demonstrated the gun to the army in live combat. Gradually increased rate of fire. Armies all over the world purchased these guns.


Fredrick Walton was born in England in 1834. He noticed that linseed oil dried into “runny” consistency. Walton experimented with drying the linseed oil faster than normal. Patented linoleum in 1863. Linoleum is a durable floor covering. Can be imprinted with decorative designs. Made out of lisseal oil combined with saw dust and cork. Walter had trouble generating sales initially. He had to develop marking to overcome his competition. Cheap imitators appeared by 1871. Walter expanded his market internationally. His name “Linoleum Became a generic trademark.

      Ratcheting Wrench

   The socket was not brand new in the 1800s. Ancient cultures used sockets to fasten tools together. First wrench patented in 1835. J.J. Richardson patented ratcheting wrench in 1863. The ratchet only allows motion in one direction. Socket heads plug into cylinders. It allows very quick tightening. It was easier to get into small spaces. It can quickly swap sires. Useful in making torque wrenches. Richardson patented his wrench through scientific American. It was then advertised in the magazine. This was a specialized highly targeted audience.

English 6 Lesson 95

Assignment: Write an ad for a service that I’m trying to sell. Explain how it will enrich/benefit the person who will buy it.

SR- Goat tying school 

Beginner Classes: $5 Per kid. $7 for soft goat rope. 

About the beginner class: Beginners will start tying the goat dummy with a soft rope, until tying becomes muscle memory. I recommend starting out with a soft goat rope then as the beginners start to gain confidence and have muscle memory. Class will be from 5 to 7 on Mondays and Tuesdays or Thursdays and Fridays. Just like actually school students will have the weekend off.

Advanced class: $5 per kid. $8 for nylon goat string. 

About advanced classes: Students will learn to tie with a hard goat string, they will tie a real goat and they will practice on their flanking along with dismounts.

 Come visit me at 41 SR- ranch road. In Willow Springs.   

I’m happy to help any time, and if we so happen to be at the same rodeo come to me if you need help.    

History 5 Lesson 85

Ironing board 

Heavy stones were used to smooth clothes. The Chinese  heated their irons. Fashions became more elaborate in the 1100s. They required hot ironing. People discovered the flat surfaces work best when ironing. They used the kitchen table. Then the ironing board was invented in 1858. Unwrinkled clothes make a good impression. Manual workers have wrinkled clothes. Ironing: Physical and chemical process. Padded-foam surface for absorbing heat. Designed sharp makers ironing different kinds of clothes convenient  The ironing board was improved. Mrs. Potts invented improved iron in 1871. The electric iron arrived in 1892. The ironing board sales benefited from the electric iron. 

Internal Combustion Engine

Erienne Lenoirwas born in Belgium in 1822. He became interested in electricity. Used the sparkes to invent the internal combustion engine in 1859. Uses small controlled explosions to drive pistons. Cams play an important role. Comes control valve tuning. Intake compression power exhaust. Comes control valve timing. The engine was used in small stationary applications. Nickola Otto invented the 4-stroke engine (Otto cycle). It was released in 1876. Ford was founded in 1901.

Lever-Action Repeating Rifle  

Benjamin Tyler Henry was born in New Hampshire in 1821. Worked for smith and Wesson. They developed the Hunt’s lever-action rifle concept. Henry went to work for Mr.Winchester. Invented the lever-action repeating rifle in 1860. Lever-action rear-loading cartridge rifle. Held 16 .44 caliber rounds. The lever controlled carriage flow. Could fire several shots rapidly at close range. Some were used in the Civil War, but Springfield dominated. Union soldiers used their own money to buy the Henry rifle. Winchester developed the Winchester rifle to avoid litigation with Henry. The rifle became famously known as “the gun that won the west”. 

Twist Drill  

Rotary tools have long been used to bore holes. Bow drill helps make fire. Steven A Morse invented the twist drill in 1861. Drill bits are cutting tools. It lifts and removes the debris as it turns. Bits are optimized for the material they cut. Wood bits and metal bits have different tips, the most common bit used today. Morse moved to Massachusetts Built a two-story factory in 1866. Produced twist bits for numerous industries. Sold them all over the world.               

English 6 Lesson 90

My mom and her friend want to open a feed store together. I’m friends with my mom’s friend’s daughter. We’re close friends. We want to add a large and small animal vet clinic practice to the feedstore.

Our plan is after college and vet school is to work with an established vet, to gain experience. When we’re setting up our business we have agreed that I’d take care of the small animals. Elaina takes care of the goats. I take care of the sheep and together we will take care of the large animals. 

My friend Elaina and I are writing books in the present. Hopefully by the time we set up our business, we will be published. We would like to include books in the feed store that our moms will run.