History 4 Lesson 165


Steamboat history begins with Denis Papin. Papin couldn’t convert the linear motion into rotational motion. William Henry in Pennsylvania put a watt engine on a boat. Which didn’t turn out too well, the boat sank. Henry business was initially successful thanks to mapopply powers.  The steamboat increased travel speed. They could now sail upstream. Boats were wooden, then steel.nmship degigh Steam engines powered paddlewheels. Fitch’s business failed because his monopoly ended. The idea lived on with Robert Fulton. Fulton made the industry commercially successful around 1809. Isambard Branel innervated steamship design. Competitors quickly imitated his success after 1839.

Robert Fulton

Robert Fulton was born in 1765. He started by becoming an accomplished painter in pennsylvania. Fulton moved to Europe in 1788. He developed inventions based on childhood encounters with west. After 1796, he made a reputation for himself as inventor. Fulton made steamboats commercially successful. The first steamboat was built in 1807. He also built submarines.f Fulton bult congress a warship for war with Britain. Fulton partnered with Robert Livingston. Livingston had gained a monopoly over steamboats in America. 

Argand Lamp

Francois Argand was born in 1750 in Geneva. He picked up the mechanical abilities of his father. Studied with a famous swiss scientist.  He invented the first innovation in oil lamp technology in 1780. Argand lamp: much brighter than candles. The hollow wick is the secret. The glass tube steadies the flame. Reflectors focus the light. They required less maintenance and were cheaper than candles. Argand partnered with Matthew Boult in England. He also helped a friend who was inventing the hot air balloon in 1783. His friend, Quinquet “stole” his design and manufactured the lamps in France. Bculton and Watt struggled to keep up with demand. It became affordable to lower classes Spread because of no practical use.

Power Loom

Endmund Cartwright was born in 1743 he foresaw the need for a power loom. Weavers won’t be able to use all of the thread. People were skeptical, but Cartwright wasn’t deterred. He hired craftsmen to build his invention. Power loom weaves fabric using steam engines. Increased fabric quality. Improved worker efficiency. Increased output by 3.5 times. The invention’s potential inspired further development. The machine increased 100 times in 50 years. Most growth concentrated in Lancashire. That area was home to weaving families. A handful of families accumulated enough wealth to build factories.  

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